According to the definition, learning is a cognitive process that leads to the modification of an individual’s behavior under the influence of experiments, which increases his adaptation to the environment. Puppies learn all their lives, even in the womb. At all times, their brain is bombarded with various stimuli that affect the further behavior of the toddler. How to train a puppy?
What influences the puppy’s behavior?
Many owners think that the most important thing is to train a dog from an early age and that only through training can you have a calm, well-positioned dog. The truth is, however, that more factors will affect your dog’s behavior. In addition to training, the puppy’s genes, his upbringing, relationship with the guardian and his surroundings are also important.
How to raise a dog according to predisposition
It must be remembered that different races have different tendencies, as well as different perceptions (i.e., absorption and skill). The border collie is considered the easiest breed for laying, placed in all world rankings first in intelligence. When buying a dog of a specific breed, it is worth getting acquainted with the cynological literature about it: whether it is a guard dog, hunting dog, or maybe companion. This is also necessary to avoid later disappointments.
When it comes to basic obedience, each race can be trained similarly, using the same methods. The same goes for a small dog (York, dachshund) and larger (Labrador, Amstaff). Of course, one breed will be easier to shape (e.g. golden retriever), another will require more patience (e.g. German terrier). However, you need to train your puppy the same, step by step. Only after mastering obedience can you go to the higher stages of laying.
In what order should the puppy learn basic commands?
We start to train a puppy as soon as it appears in our home. Of course, at the beginning we teach them the simplest and most useful commands.
Reaction to name
How to train a puppy to react to his name? Many times during the day, we call the toddler in a cheerful, encouraging voice, and when he runs to us, we reward him with a treat, fun or praise.
Come on call
“To me” is the most important of the commands, because the implementation of a dog’s life may depend on it. We introduce it when the pooch responds to his name. Let’s teach the quadruped that after running on this signal always fantastic things await him. In situations where we do not have such a great prize on hand or we do not care so much about the immediate and unconditional execution of the command, it is better to use a different password, eg “come”.
How to train a puppy to react to the “sit” command?
This command is the basis for obedience training. Let the pooch sit down before we put him a bowl, open the door and in any other situation when he wants something.
How to train a puppy to react to the “stay” command?
Even a small dog can master staying in the “sit” position for several minutes. Although this is one of the simplest commands, many people have problems with it, because they demand too much too quickly (e.g. they go away a few steps straight away) and the puppy can’t stand it. Meanwhile, it is enough to level the difficulty to perfectly master it.